Pengaruh Pengetahuan terhadap Peran Mahasiswa dalam Pencegahan Covid-19

Anas Rahmad Hidayat, Isnani Nur Hayati, Tri Yuniarti, Dina Dwi Nuryanti, Ernawati Ernawati

Abstract


Covid-19 merupakan penyakit menular melalui pernafasan yang disebabkan oleh Corona Virus serta ditemukan pertama kali di Wuhan, Hubei, Cina pada bulan Desember 2019. Pada bulan Januari 2020 Covid-19 menyebar ke 19 negara sejumlah 11.791 kasus, dengan 213 kematian. Indonesia melakukan upaya memutus mata rantai penularan virus, salah satunya dengan melibatkan peran serta masyarakat. Mahasiswa merupakan bagian dari masyarakat yang memiliki pengetahuan dan pendidikan. Mahasiswa yang memiliki kreativitas yang tinggi, optimis, dan memiliki kemampuan adaptif (fleksibel), dapat mengambil peran dalam mencegah penularan Covid-19. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh pengetahuan terhadap peran mahasiswa dalam pencegahan Covid19. Desain penelitian yaitu deskriptif analitik. Besar sampel 528 mahasiswa kesehatan, dengan teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan purposive random sampling. Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan survei dilakukan pada bulan Juni 2020. Alat pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dan didistribusikan secara random menggunakan google form. Analisis data menggunakan Regresi Linier dengan signifikansi 5%. Hasil penelitian didapatkan ada pengaruh pengetahuan terhadap peran mahasiswa dalam pencegahan Covid-19 dengan p-value: 0.0001 < 0.05. Peran mahasiswa meliputi pembagian masker (42.4%), edukasi melalui media sosial (68,4%), menjadi relawan (7%) dan penggunaan desinfektan untuk mencuci tangan dan alat rumah tangga. Mahasiswa memiliki kontribusi besar dalam upaya pencegahan Covid-19 melalui edukasi di media sosial sehingga, peran ini diharapkan berkelanjutan meskipun masa pandemi telah usai.


Keywords


Pengetahuan, peran, mahasiswa, pencegahan, Covid-19

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35842/formil.v7i2.427

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